Many fascinating Facts About Mars – The Red Planet
Mars is the second largest planet after mercury in the solar system. And this is fourth planet from the sun.
SUNSETS ON MARS ARE BLUE
It is also known as the ‘Red Planet’ because it has a high iron oxide content which makes it appear reddish.
Mars has a thick atmosphere.
When we equate Mars density with that of the Earth’s, we’d find it’s 100 times less dense than Earth.
Mars has low air pressure on its surface which is why liquid water on its surface can not survive for long.
Mars takes twice the long time from Earth to complete a complete revolution around the sun.
MONS OLYMPUS ‘TALLEST MOUNTAIN IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM’ IS ON MARS
The month of March’s name also comes from Mars.
Since more than four decades now, Mars is being explored, since it is considered a suitable location for human life. And the water signals on the mars have maintained the illusion that human life on this red planet will exist.
Several Hollywood movies were made with Mars as their theme including Flight to March 1951, The Angry Red Planet 1959, and the popular John Carter 2012 and many more.
Owing to its reddish color, Mars can be seen with the naked eye from the earth’s surface at night time. The planet’s apparent size and brightness differ based upon the planet’s proximity to the Moon.
Worm-like creatures have recently been found by NASA JPL’s Mars orbiter on the surface of Mars. Over the past 11 years, the spacecraft has been circling Mars.
These days Mars is in the news a lot, with the successful landing of robot rover Curiosity on Red Planet Mars.
People have long been fascinated by Mars and for decades the thought of sending humans to the planet was a focus of science fiction and science exploration. Part of the attraction is that scientists believe Mars ‘ atmosphere could have been warm and humid 3.5 billion years ago, and may have sustained life.
Facts About Mars
- Colour: The Planet is named for its iron-rich dust that gives the landscape a rusty-red hue.
- Planet Weight: The gravity of Mars is 38 per cent of that of Earth. So if you were weighing 60 pounds here, you would weigh about 23 pounds there.
- Climate change: Mars is a warm 80 degrees Fahrenheit at the equator but the temperature at its poles will fall below zero to 199 degrees.
- In the air: The atmosphere of Mars is mostly carbon dioxide with traces of nitrogen and argon. The atmosphere on Earth is a mixture of nitrogen, oxygen, and other gases.
- Longer days: On Mars, a Martian day is about 40 minutes longer than a day.
MORE FACTS ABOUT MARS
A MARTIAN YEAR LASTS JUST Over TWO EARTH YEARS
The Red Planet takes 687 Earth days to rotate around the Sun. A day in Mars called a sol lasts 24.6 hours, an inconvenience to astronaut circadian cycles (but not as extreme as a day on Venus that lasts 5832 hours).
IT’S NOT AS HOT AS IT MIGHT LOOK
Mars desert looks hot with the hazy sky, red due to its iron oxide soil but is actually very cold, with a blistering hot sol being 70’F, and a cold sun a brisk-225’F. Its storms of dust can be huge; in 2018 one storm grew so big that it engulfed the whole world for more than a month.
MARS IS MUCH SMALLER THAN EARTH
Relative to Earth, Mars is a tiny Styrofoam sphere, just over half of our diameter and one-tenth of our weight. For potential colonists the gravity would be an utter nightmare. (That means a person weighing 100 pounds here on Mars will only weigh 38 pounds.)
AND THE ATMOSPHERE IS MOSTLY CARBON DIOXIDE
You don’t want to catch a breath of fresh air on Mars: the atmosphere is 95.32 per cent carbon dioxide, with a slight amount of nitrogen and argon mixed into it. (Earth’s atmosphere, on the other hand, is mainly nitrogen and oxygen.) If you attempt to take that single, futile breath, your eyeballs, blood, your mouth’s saliva, and your lungs water will evaporate instantly. You won’t die instantly but you’re definitely going to die.
IT HAS TWO SIDED, BOTH WITH BETTER NAMES THAN OURS
They’re named Phobos and Deimos, which translate to Fear and Dread respectively. They are shaped like potatoes and don’t fill the evening sky exactly: standing on the Martian surface, Phobos appears to be around one-third of the size of Earth’s moon; Deimos looks like a bright star.
These were the top amazing facts about the red planet ‘Mars’.
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