The nose is a part of the body rich in blood vessels and is situated in a vulnerable location protruding on the forehead. Trauma to the face can result in nasal injury and bleeding. The bleeding may be severe, or merely a mild complication. Spontaneous nosebleeds can occur when the nasal membranes dry out and crack. This is popular in dry climates, or on dry and warm air from household heaters during the winter months. People are more susceptible to a bloody nose if they take drugs that avoid normal blood clotting, clopidogrel, aspirin or any anti-inflammatory drugs. Even a mild trauma in this situation may cause significant bleeding. Here is what causes Nose Bleeding.
What Causes Nose Bleed?
During the colder winter months, when upper respiratory infections are more common, the frequency of nosebleeds is greater, and the temperature and humidity fluctuate more drastically. Additionally, transitions to a warm, dry, heated home from a bitter cold outside environment result in drying and changes in the nose that end up with it more vulnerable to bleeding. Nosebleeds also occur in hot, dry, low-humidity conditions, or when seasons alternatives. Nosebleeds predispose people to the following risk factors:
- Trauma from nose picking (self-induced).
- Allergic rhinitis, and non-allergic.
- Hypertension (elevated blood pressure)
- Use of Blood-thinning drugs.
- Drinking alcohol.
- Less common causes of nosebleeds include tumours and complications with the hereditary bleeding.
- Hormonal changes can increase the risk of nosebleeds during pregnancy.
Steps To Avoid a Bloody Nose
Rest assured – Bloody noses may be terrifying but they are rarely harmful.
Step on ahead – If your mouth has blood, spit it out; don’t swallow it.
Only sit upright – Neither tip your head back, nor lie flat. It could cause blood to choke you. Stomach blood can make you sick to your stomach and can induce vomiting.
Try out a mist – Use decongestant nasal sprays, such as Afrin, into the bleeding nose.
Switch off items from outside – Do not put tissues or other household products, such as tampons, into the nose. This may intensify the bleeding.
Wear a squeeze – Pinch 10 minutes into the soft portion of your nose tight. To keep track of the time using a clock. Resist the temptation to check to see if your nose has stopped bleeding after a few minutes.
Watch and answer – Wash your nose off after 10 minutes. Soak a cotton ball with the nasal spray, if it is still bleeding. Place the ball of cotton in the bleeding nostril, and pinch for 10 minutes. Again, time it with a clock.
Blood pressure test – High blood pressure may be responsible for nosebleeds.
Take them fast – When you have stopped bleeding do not blow your nose for two days.
Stop pressing – After a nosebleed, it can take up to two full weeks to heal. Do not lift something heavy, such as foodstuffs, or perform physical or household chores.
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